"Now we know he's not from the Bronze Age, but much older," said Dr. He said the Oxford and Zurich results, based on similar dating techniques, were in close agreement, but it was impossible to be sure of a more precise age.
Werner Platzer, head of the anatomy department at Innsbruck University in Austria, who is directing research on the mummified corpse. It means, I believe, that this is the only corpse we have from the Stone Age." Unusual Post-Mortem The tests on bones and skin tissue were conducted by scientists at Oxford University in England and a Swiss physics institute in Zurich. Copper Ax a Clue The tests showed the skin to be "marginally younger" than the bone tissue, Dr.
Researchers from the University of Padova have analysed the axe, which was found in the Otzal Mountains with the mummified remains of Otzi the iceman.
In their study, which is published in Plos One, the researchers, led by Dr Gilberto Artioli, wrote: 'Our results unambiguously indicate that the source of the metal is the ore-rich area of southern Tuscany, despite ample evidence that Alpine copper ore sources were known and exploited at the time.'The experts say that the trade of copper between central Italy and the remote Alps was 'surprising.'They added: 'It provides a new perspective on long-distance relocation of goods and relationships between the early Copper Age cultures in the area.'Using radiocarbon dating to analyse the axe's wooden shaft, the researchers found that it dates from the early Cooper Age in the 4th century BC.
During their work, the researchers found an apparent misreading of the Chinchorro mummy’s radiocarbon dating.
Previously, tattoo scholars were divided: Many believed that a mummy from the Chinchorro culture of South America had the oldest tattoo—a pencil-thin mustache.His mummified remains were uncovered in melting glacier in the mountainous border between Austria and Italy In a statement, the museum said: 'The results prove unequivocally that the metal in Ötzi's copper blade came from Tuscan deposits.'Copper from southern Tuscany can be distinguished from that of all other deposits within Europe and the Mediterranean region on account of the unique lead-isotope variation within its lead content.'The museum says that the findings confirm 'extensive links between the Neolithic civilisations in central Italy and those to the north of the Apennines, extending to the populations of the southern arc of the Alps where the Iceman was found.'Otzi's axe is now confirmed to be the world's oldest preserved Neolithic axe found yet.The oldest known tattoos belong to "Ötzi the Iceman," a 5,300-year-old mummy a pair of German hikers discovered in a glacier along the Austrian-Italian border in 1991, according to a paper slated to publish in the February 2016 edition of the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports Scholars have for years debated whether Ötzi was actually the oldest tattooed human, according to Smithsonian Science News, because scientists identified a tattoo of a pencil-thin mustache on a South American mummy from the Chinchurro region that they initially dated back to about 4000 B. While researchers were examining the Chinchorro mummy’s radiocarbon dating, they uncovered the root of the mistake.This finding settled the controversy: Ötzi is older than the Chinchorro mummy by at least 500 years.Although Ötzi is the oldest tattooed human, the paper’s authors conclude this will likely change: Ötzi’s tattoos are indicative of social and/or therapeutic practices that predate him, and future archaeological finds and new techniques should someday lead to even older evidence of tattooed mummies.
“Apart from the historical implications of our paper, we shouldn’t forget the cultural roles tattoos have played over millennia,” Krutak says.